Technical advancements are becoming more prevalent in business, medicine, industry, and the military and, as a matter of fact, in everyday life too. It happens because the Internet of Things (IoT) enables actual objects to connect to the internet and generate data. However, the data must be managed effectively, and IT tools must expand the storage of an ever-increasing volume of data. That’s exactly where Big Data becomes crucial.
Studies say that IoT is anticipated to produce 4.4 trillion GB of data in 2020, and is anticipated to rise. As you might have predicted, the main problem in the field of the Internet of Things is being able to exploit a massive amount of data, hence the usage of big data. This data must be read, structured, and transferred within defined timeslots.
Big data’s function in the Internet of Things is to process vast amounts of data in real-time and store them using various storage methods. As a result, IoT devices produce a significant amount of unstructured data gathered in the big data system. The vast data is kept in large files in the big data system, essentially a shared distributed database. Utilizing analytical technologies like Hadoop MapReduce or Spark to analyze the saved IoT data become game-changers.
Big Data Works Hand-in-Hand with IoT
Assists in increasing the company’s return on investment
IoT helps enterprises in information extraction for greater business insights through Big Data analytics. As a result, higher ROI decisions can be reached with the help of improved business information. In addition, companies are converting to big data cloud storage because it reduces implementation costs.
Reconfigures the e-health system’s future
IoT’s Big Data capabilities are altering the next generation of e-health care systems and creating a cutting-edge healthcare solution. In place of hypothesis-driven research, big data will now produce data-driven research. Furthermore, IoT will manage and analyze the connection between sensors and the current data pool.
Change in Manufacturing Businesses
Manufacturing businesses may produce fewer products than they did in the past due to machinery and equipment needing to be fixed. IoT sensors can be installed in machinery to collect operational data. These statistics will aid in identifying which machinery is in good operating condition and which needs to be repaired. Consequently, a company will always have products.
Benefits for the Transportation Sector
IoT sensors in vehicles provide information on fuel efficiency, location tracking, delivery routes, and other data that help increase organizational productivity.
We can gather large amounts of data from satellites with the help of IoT to determine how much wind and sunlight we can anticipate over a specific period. In addition, advancements in machine learning and predictive analytics allow us to foresee weather conditions and act accordingly to meet demand.
Role of Big Data in IoT
1. IoT Big Data tools can increase employee productivity.
Several companies have put smart sensors in workplaces and industrial facilities to collect information about employee engagement, performance appraisals, and other activities. The data generated by IoT and structured via Big data can provide insight for managers who can better ideate how to organize their workforce.
For instance, a system created by Humanyze uses gadgets like sensor-equipped badges. These badges allow the business to gather information from employees about more than 100 indicators to monitor work productivity in real-time. Devices gather information on how the staff interacts with customers, the tone and style of their speech, and whether they pay attention to the customers.
2. Businesses may automate and improve operations with the help of IoT Big Data solutions.
Companies can automate and evaluate common procedures using sophisticated IoT Big Data platforms. Manufacturing, where every step of the product creation process may be automated and enhanced, can benefit hugely. Employees would receive prompt notifications from the system in the event of a malfunction, enabling them to address the issue more swiftly.
For instance, General Motors employs sensors to track humidity levels before painting automobiles. The detailed work is sent to another workshop if the humidity level exceeds the normal range, which speeds up the work process.
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3. IoT Big Data solutions can help businesses improve security.
By merging IoT and Big Data, businesses may increase the cybersecurity of their infrastructure. Businesses that employ AI and machine learning can respond to any security risk considerably more quickly since the equipment reacts far faster than a human operator. Big Data security solutions also learn from examples of earlier threats, enhancing their effectiveness over time.
4. IoT Big Data solutions can help companies improve the consumer experience.
Every B2C company, whether a retail store or a healthcare provider, works to improve and personalize the customer experience. Implementing IoT data analytics can be beneficial. Businesses can use consumer data for analysis and processing to better understand customer behavior and anticipate future demands and behaviors. Businesses can leverage IoT Big Data technologies, among other things, to operate successful targeted advertising or marketing campaigns.
5. IoT Businesses can enhance equipment maintenance using big data technologies.
For example, manufacturing companies may identify which equipment needs maintenance by measuring heat, vibration, and other crucial factors using IoT sensors and Big Data analytics tools. Sensor-equipped equipment can also alert the employees about faults, wear, and delivery schedules. These solutions not only make it easier for employees to do their jobs but also lower risks and enable the foretelling future problems and breakdowns.
By lowering maintenance expenses, technology may help businesses save thousands of dollars.
Industries that benefit from IoT and Big Data
Big data analytics and IoT may help firms across various industries increase efficiency, foresee possible issues before they happen, and make more informed decisions. Here are a few instances of industries that benefit greatly through the marriage between IoT and big data.
As telehealth and telemedicine continue to develop, connected health monitors have become standard elements of the healthcare system. These tools, which range from connected blood pressure meters to glucometers and heart monitors, to mention a few, enable healthcare professionals to monitor patients’ readings remotely. In addition, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms can recognize trends and warning signals as linked sensors. It helps you collect and aggregate data, alert patients and doctors, and possibly save lives.
Healthcare data administration is another use case for big data and IoT. Hospitals can use IoT tracking devices to track the whereabouts of personnel and equipment. Providers can aggregate patient data, including electronic health records (EHRs), using data portals and management systems, which improves access and lowers human error. Healthcare analytics applications can offer prognostic advice for patient care, hospital administration, and other purposes.
Management of the Supply Chain
Examples of IoT applications in the supply chain include telematics, asset tracking, and remote monitoring systems. These devices generate enormous amounts of heterogeneous data, which can be difficult to combine and understand. A shipping corporation, for instance, may at any given time have a thousand trucks transporting goods to the length and breadth of the nation. Asset trackers are installed within the truck’s containers, and a telematics system is built inside each vehicle. The business may see all of this data on a single dashboard and related information from the rest of the fleet using a consolidated cloud platform. In addition, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning systems can spot patterns and alert drivers to impending issues, such as vehicle maintenance requirements or probable traffic jams.
Robotics and Self-driving Cars
Combining IoT sensors and big data is essential for safe self-driving cars and autonomous robotics operations. Radar, LIDAR, GPS, cameras, and other sensor technologies are all employed in self-driving cars. The vehicle’s onboard computer uses data generated by these IoT components to build an internal map, plot a trajectory, avoid obstructions, and make split-second judgments. In this area, real-time data analytics are crucial; as time goes on, the computer can process and learn from its mistakes.
Industrial IoT (IIoT) uses IoT technologies in the construction, manufacturing, and energy generation sectors. Businesses may monitor connected machines’ activity, development, and maintenance requirements, which eventually leads to increased operational efficiency. IIoT, also known as Industry 4.0, aims to modernize production procedures and assist businesses in utilizing all kinds of data.
IoT gateways with edge analytics capabilities can speed up data flow from several sources, typically in different formats, and carry out preliminary analyses and data purification before transferring the data to the cloud. Then, the factory data is subjected to more thorough enterprise cloud-level studies. With AI and machine learning techniques, the company’s data science team may analyze the data and suggest changes to existing processes to boost productivity and efficiency.
Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of IoT sensors can be installed across an agricultural complex on a smart farm. These sensors can be placed in remote fields, inside water tanks to measure usage, or even on animals to monitor grazing. The sensors produce a vast amount of data on several aspects, including soil characteristics, weather patterns, the availability of irrigation, and other variables. When the data are combined, they can reveal patterns that support precision agriculture, which employs a site-specific, customized approach to farming. For instance, differences in soil quality between fields on a single farm can be observed and compensated for using various fertilizing techniques.
Retailers are using IoT devices to track assets, data from the supply chain, consumer behavior, and other things. For instance, a merchant that obtains product components from several sources could install IoT sensors in shipping containers to track movement and guarantee that the components stay in a temperature-controlled environment. The data can be studied to give ideas on how to improve efficiencies or optimize sourcing and assembly.
Big Data and the Internet of Things are helping to progress technology and make life faster and wiser. To collect data, the IoT can link anything that produces data to the internet, including wearable technology, video games, automobiles, home appliances, and other objects.
Big Data applications become increasingly important as IoT adoption increases and data volumes and usage. Payoda helps businesses to better understand customer preferences and behavior, improving corporate performance while saving time and money. Our expertise will pay attention to and value the data, considering the importance of adopting an IoT strategy.
Authored by: Vijayakumar Arunachalam